Believe it or not, decentralization is nothing new. It first began with the social organization of ancient human societies. They lived together in small Neolithic decentralized communities of less than 100 people where everyone was accountable for one another.
Small populations directly made management easier. Such small communities could easily trust one another, and the close relationships maintained by individuals made it hard for any of the group to get away with bad or selfish behavior.
Decentralized (peer — to — peer)
(Image courtesy of Johann Gevers)
As a result, the social structure that existed before the agrarian revolution consisted of a decentralized society where interactions were between individuals living in...