Layered Interaction Analysis of Direct Manipulation Jakob Nielsen

Layered Interaction Analysis of Direct Manipulation (Jakob Nielsen)
Layered Interaction Analysis of Direct Manipulation (Jakob Nielsen)

1. Introduction

Direct manipulation (Shneiderman 1982a) has become a popular concept in the user interface field for describing a certain class of interaction styles. Initially, the term was used to characterize entire applications in a strict classification scheme where a system was seen as either having a direct manipulation interface or belonging to some other category of interfaces like natural language, menu-driven, or form fill-in. This usage lead Wixon and Good (1987) to point out the apparent paradox of having several early “canonical” direct manipulation applications make heavy use of menus and form fill-in (dialog boxes). (See Tognazzini (1989) for a discussion of the role of canonical applications in establishing...






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Layered Interaction Analysis of Direct Manipulation (Jakob Nielsen) | Visibility of System Status

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